Multiple components in vaccines compete with each other for the immune system
and result in lesser immunity for each individual disease as well as increasing the
risk of a reaction.
Canine Corona Virus
This is only a disease of puppies. It is rare, self limiting (dogs get well
in 3 days without treatment). Cornell & Texas A&M have only diagnosed one case each
in the last 7 years. Corona virus does not cause disease in adult dogs.
This NON-CORE VACCINE is a common cause of adverse reactions in dogs. Leptospirosis
is a bacterial spirochete disease that is endemic to some tropic and subtropic regions
around the world. This vaccine has been associated with a higher rate of vaccine
reactions, especially in acute anaphylaxis in toy breeds. This vaccine is recommended
by AAHA to be "...restricted to use in areas where a reasonable risk of exposure
has been established." Most of the clinical cases of Lepto Infection reported in
dogs in the US are caused by serovaars (or types) grippotyphosa and bratsilvia. The
vaccines contain different serovaars eanicola and ictohemorrhagica. Cross protection
is not provided and protection is short lived . Lepto vaccine is immuno-supressive
to puppies less than 16 weeks of age, and should not be given to puppies under 12
weeks of age.
There is currently some controversy over this vaccine as the strains (called
serovars) that are being clinically recognized are not always those that are being
vaccinated for. There are new Leptospirosis Vaccines, including Recombinant Technology,
coming out soon.
Important Information on Leptospirosis: The vaccination of this disease can
stop the clinical signs of Leptospirosis to the dog, HOWEVER IT WILL NOT STOP AN
INFECTION. A vaccinated pet, if infected with Leprospirosis, can and will shed this
bacteria in the urine. Thus vaccinating for this disease has the potential to create
'asymptomatic carriers'. This becomes very important when we remember that people
can get Leptospirosis from their dog, as it is a zoonotic disease.
Initial Puppy Vaccination:
Given at: 12 weeks of age and again at 14-16 weeks of age for high risk geographical
Given: Annually, FOR HIGH RISK GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS ONLY!
WARNING: AAHA states in it’s guidelines: Vaccine recommendations are difficult to
make due to lack of information on prevalence of specific serovar infections in dogs
in various geographical regoins. Anecdotal reports from veterinarians and breeders
suggest that incidence of post-vaccination reactions, including acute anaphylaxis,
in puppies under 12 weeks of age and small-breed dogs is HIGH. Reactions are MOST
SEVERE IN PUPPIES. Therefore, routine use of the vaccine should be delayed until
dog reach 12 weeks of age.
New Vaccine Protocol
DHPP: Distemper, Parainfluenza, Hepatitis, & Parvovirus (MLV-Modified Live Virus):
DO NOT GIVE YOUNGER THAN 8 WEEKS OF AGE!
Given at: 9 weeks, 12 weeks, and 16-20 weeks for the Puppy Series
Given at: 1 Year of Age
Given at: 3 Year Intervals
This is the "Kennel Cough" immunization that is given intranasally. It is recommended
ONLY for those dogs boarded, groomed, taken to dog shows, or for any reason housed
where exposed to a lot of dogs. The intranasal vaccine provides more complete and
more rapid onset of immunity with less chance of reaction. Immunity requires 72 hours
and does not protect from every cause of kennel cough. Immunity is of short duration,
usually 4-6 months. This immunization should Only Be Given 3 days prior to boarding,
Given at: 20 weeks of age or older. (1 Year Vaccine).
Given at: between 9-12 months after 1 Year Vaccine. (3 Year Vaccine)
Given at: 3 year Intervals.
Lyme disease is a tick born disease which can cause lameness, kidney failure and
heart disease in dogs. Ticks can also transmit the disease to humans. The original
Ft. Dodge (killed bacteria) has proven to be the most effective vaccine. Lyme disease
prevention should emphasize early removal of ticks.
A large percentage of Canine Lyme Disease cases are actually caused by the vaccine.
High Risk Geographical areas would be considered wooded areas, areas where puddles
sit stagnant for long periods, or areas where wildlife can frequently inhabit.
Please use all of this information wisely and use your own judgement.
Please do not feel pressured by veterinary professionals to give these vaccines
to your dogs.
Drastic changes are happening in the veterinary industry. Finally, veterinarians
are realizing that we are over-vaccinating our pets!
Extensive research into the true and real effects of the various vaccines that we
give to our pets on an annual basis, has begun to show results since the studies
began in 1998. Since many veterinarians, and some people in general, are resistant
to change, this topic has sparked some very passionate debates among the professionals
surrounding veterinary medicine.
The research has delved into the debates over necessary vaccines and unnecessary
vaccines, how often should pets be vaccinated and how old they should be before being
vaccinated, and if those vaccines are actually harmful to our pets.
Purdue University found that ALL vaccinated dogs develop “autoantibodies” from
proteins used in some vaccinations. In order to protect against viruses and bacteria’s,
the dog’s system must be introduced to either a Live Modified Virus Vaccine or a
Killed Virus Vaccine. To produce a vaccine, these viruses and bacteria’s must be
grown in laboratories with cell cultures. The cell cultures are nourished with calf
(bovine) serum. When harvested, the organisms are filtered, however, even post-filterization,
some of the bovine proteins are still prominent in these vaccines. When a dog is
vaccinated with a (contaminated) product, their bodies develop autoantibodies and
in turn, react against their own comparable proteins. Autoantibodies are associated
with devastating diseases, such as Lupus, Hypothyroidism, and Cardiomyopathy.
Vaccinosisis a new term that refers to vaccine reactions brought on by immune
suppression. Richard Pitcairn, DVM recommends that vaccines are given less frequently.
He also suggests that you never vaccinate a dog:
If they are sick or debilitated
If they have current health problems
If they are having surgery
If they have emotional stress
If they are elderly
Do not give at the same time as Heartworm Preventative Medications
Catherine Driscoll’s book, “Who Killed the Darling Buds of May? What Vets Don’t
Tell You About Vaccines.” (Abbeywood Publishing) In this book, she reports that The
Canine Health Census reported that 50% of dogs with a viral disease, contracted the
viruses within 3 months of being vaccinated. They also report that 1 of 100 dogs
will have adverse reactions to these vaccinations. Some vaccine manufacturers even
state that their vaccines can cause Encephalitis, symptoms which appear as vomiting,
diarrhea, respiratory distress, seizures, and paralysis.
The Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital changed their Small
Animal Vaccine Protocol (Program 1701), due to the lack of scientific evidence to
support annual vaccinations. In addition, over-vaccinating is associated with Autoimmune
Hemolytic Anemia, which is often fatal.
The Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association interviewed several veterinary
immunologists, and wrote an article “Are We Vaccinating too Much?”, which explains
that annual vaccination has no scientific basis or verification. Dr. Ronald Schultz
reports that immunity from vaccines can last at least 5 years, and perhaps a lifetime.
Based on his findings, new veterinary recommendations appear in The Journal of the
American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA). He also states and I quote: “The idea
that unnecessary vaccines can cause serious side effects is in direct conflict with
sound medical practices”. As you may find this true if your vet is considered ‘old
school’ and/or is NOT Board Certified (Boarded). Veterinarians that are NOT Boarded,
do not have to give lectures on innovative topics to their peers, therefore, their
desire for learning and thus updating their ‘practices’ may suffer significantly.
Dr. Schultz explains that ‘core vaccines’, for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza
and Parvovirus, are essential for all dogs. But, that they need only be administered
every three years, after the initial puppy series of two or three at least 4 weeks
apart. As for non-core vaccines, such as Lyme Disease, not every dog is at high risk
for exposure to those viruses, and should therefore, not receive that vaccination
as a regularly scheduled or routine vaccine.He also admits and I quote: “recommending
that dogs receive fewer vaccines may spark controversy, especially when veterinarians
rely on annual vaccines to bring in clients, along with income.” He has a very valid
and real point, as I’m sure most of you will encounter. The new vaccination guidelines
have been adopted by AAHA, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM),
AND Veterinary Microbiology (ACVM) and the American Association of Veterinary Immunologists
Jean Dodds, DVM has been researching this topic since the 1980’s and has written
her findings in a report “New Principles of Immunology”. In her most recent data,
she reports the following:
"Dogs and cats immune systems mature fully at 6 months. If a Modified Live Virus
(MLV) vaccine is given after 6 months of age, it produces an immunity which is good
for the life of the pet (i.e: canine distemper, parvovirus, feline distemper). If
another MLV vaccine is given a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine
neutralize the antigens of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect. The
titer is not "boosted" nor are more memory cells induced."Not only are annual boosters
for parvovirus and distemper unnecessary, they subject the pet to potential risks
of allergic reactions and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. "There is no scientific
documentation to back up label claims for annual administration of MLV vaccines."
Puppies receive antibodies through their mother's milk. This natural protection can
last 8-14 weeks. Puppies & kittens should NOT be vaccinated at LESS than 8 weeks.
Maternal immunity will neutralize the vaccine and little protection (0-38%) will
be produced. Vaccination at 6 weeks will, however, delay the timing of the first
highly effective vaccine. Vaccinations given 2 weeks apart suppress rather than stimulate
the immune system.A series of vaccinations is given starting at 8 weeks and given
3-4 weeks apart up to 16 weeks of age. Another vaccination given sometime after 6
months of age (usually at 1 year 4 months) will provide lifetime immunity. "According
to Dr. Schultz, AVMA, (American Veterinary Medical Association) 8-15-95, when a vaccinations
series given at 2, 3 & 4 months and again at 1 year with MLV, puppies and kitten
program memory cells that survive for life, providing lifelong immunity." Dr. Carmichael
at Cornell and Dr. Schultz has studies showing immunity against challenge at 2-10
years for canine distemper & 4 years for parvovirus. Studies for longer duration
are pending. "There are no new strains of parvovirus as one manufacturer would like
to suggest. Parvovirus vaccination provides cross immunity for all types." Hepatitis
(Adenovirus) is one of the agents known to be a cause of kennel cough. Only vaccines
with CAV-2 should be used as CAV-1 vaccines carry the risk of "hepatitis blue-eye"
reactions & kidney damage.